Hyperthyroidism treatment options include both medical and surgical options, depending on your specific situation. When thyroid removal surgery is performed, most of the thyroid is removed through an incision under the collarbone.
When the thyroid does not produce enough thyroid hormones for the body, that is the definition of hypothyroidism, or underactive thyroid. The most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hasimoto’s disease, a disorder where the immune system actually attacks the thyroid. Other causes of hypothyroidism can include thyroid removal, some radiation treatment of certain cancers and even treatment for hyperthyroidism.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism usually begin slow, making them hard to notice. At first you may just feel a little tired or sluggish. Other symptoms that may develop later include uncontrolled weight gain, joint or muscle pain, increased sensitivity to cold, depression, pale skin, a puffy face, a hoarse voice and excessive menstrual bleeding for females.
Hypothyroidism treatment options are mainly medical in nature. In many patients hypothyroidism is treated with medicine designed to supply the body with the thyroid hormones it is no longer producing itself. Unfortunately, most people with hypothyroidism need to be on thyroid medication for the rest of their lives.
If you suspect you may have any issues with your thyroid gland, it’s important that you see a thyroid specialist as soon as possible to avoid complications with hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.