Learn more about the parathyroid glands and parathyroid disorders by clicking on the links below.
Parathyroid Quick Facts
There are 4 parathyroid glands.
These glands are located near the thyroid, but aside from sharing a similar name, they have nothing in common.
Parathyroid glands are responsible for producing PTH, a hormone that regulates the amount of calcium found in our blood and our bones.
Even though there are 4 parathyroid glands, they all do the same thing. In fact, you can live with just one parathyroid gland if necessary.
When the proper amount of PTH isn’t necessary it results in hyperparathyroidism (parathyroid disease) when there is too much calcium in the blood or in hypoparathyroidism where there is not enough calcium in the blood.
In hyperparathyroidism, one of the parathyroid glands grows large, resulting in a tumor.
The only way to cure hyperparathyroidism is to have the tumor removed. Treatment is successful over 95% of the time.
Minimally invasive surgery is available, resulting in a faster recovery time, less pain, less scarring and several other benefits for patients.
There is no hormone replacement therapy for hypoparathyroidism currently.